It's a Air Material Separator
It pulls in air that has multiple types of particulate in the air stream and separates the particulate from the air
A couple of reasons, one on some machines they can't work unless the process has dust collection in order for the machine to do it's job and two indoor air quality.
There are Bag Houses, Cartridge collectors and even a Cyclone is considered a dust collector.
You have to know the particulate that you are producing, first. You have to know if your particulate is combustible of not.
Hooding is first, Ducting from the hooding to the collector is second, Collector is third, and the fan pulls all of these components together.
If the system is sized and installed correctly it doesn't take a lot of baby setting. This does differ some based on the material you are trying to separate. We use Pressure Differential monitors and the filter need to be changed out based on the Differential Pressure across the filters.
Mostly, but some material may need to separated by Wet Scrubbers.
Indoor air quality, explosion hazards, being able to see, being able to walk without obstructions.
If designed correctly it will collector the particulate before it gets out in the air space.
They need Electricity to run the fan and they compressed air to clean the filters.
Yes, sometime you will have to use a Silencer to reduce the fan noise and the cleaning system may have to use sound deadening devices.
Monitor the pressure drop on the filters and watch the discharge of the collector to make sure the device used doesn't over flow.
Air to Cloth Ratio's, loading and the type of dust are the most common.
You don't you get your hooding designed and this will determine the required air flow needed for your dust collection system.
With non combustible dust it's normal lock out and tags out procedures, but with combustible dust it's more complicated.
Hooding, duct work, concrete pads if needed, electrical, sprinkler if needed, replacement filter cost, and handling the discharge of the dust collector (may have a product that needs to go into a land fill or incinerated.
Depending on the process that it's handling, but can last for many years (10-20 years).
Please contact Camfil APC.
Respiratory issues, eye irritation and possibility loss of life.
Yes you need to grease the motor unless it's a sealed motor, greasing of the bearings if it's not a direct drive arrangement, and possibly balance the fan if it get out of balance.
Bag Houses uses bags with cages on the inside of them to keep them form collapsing and Cartridges are pleated filters with a lot more media. Bag Houses normally take up more space than Cartridge collectors.
Based on the size and height of your facility this can be challenging on how to fit the collector and duct work in the space. If it combustible dust then the placement of the collector is even more critical.
It will normally be less expensive and are less points to take care of from the discharge of the collector.
Silencers are the most common feature to reduce machine noise.